Payroll Cycle
Minumum Wage
Overtime Pay
Period of Overtime Rate
First 2 hours 150%
Next 2 hours 200%
Visa Immigration

Talent Wiki - Russia

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Russia
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Capital
Moscow
Currency
Russian Ruble (RUB)
Languages
Russian
Payroll Frequency
Bi-weekly
GDP per Capita
$11,900
Employer Tax
30.2% - 38.5%

Supplementary Guide for Employment and Expansion in Russia

Talent Overview

Russia’s geographical location contributed to the country’s vast riches and high economic standing. They are a leading producer of oil and natural gas, owning about 27.5% of the world's natural resources. They are the 5th largest economy in Europe and the 11th largest globally. The country’s citizens are some of the most successful in the world due to their economic stability and well-developed education system. 

Major Economic Hubs:

Moscow, St. Petersburg and Yekaterinburg

Skills in Demand:

Risk Managers, Computer Programmers/I.T. Staff, Medical and Pharmaceutical

Local Universities

The top local universities in the Russia are as follows:

Moscow State University

RANKING

Russia : 1

World : 129

National Research University Higher School of Economics

RANKING

Russia : 2

World : 146

St. Petersburg State University

RANKING

Russia : 3

World : 322

Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration

RANKING

Russia : 4

World : 401

Kazan Federal University

RANKING

Russia : 5

World : 470

Salary Data

No. Job Title Salary Range (in Local Currency) Salary Range (in USD)
1 Customer Service Representative 19,300 - 56,700 262.73 - 771.85
2 Software Engineer 51,700 - 144,000 703.78 - 1,960.25
3 Software Developer 77,200 - 131,000 1,050.91 - 1,783.28
4 Data Scientist 82,500 - 249,000 1,123.06 - 3,389.59
5 UX Designer 33,200 – 112,000 451.95 - 1,524.64
6 Project Manager 65,700 - 198,000 894.36 - 2,695.34
7 Sales Representative 29,200 - 101,000 397.49 - 1,374.90

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards

Head Hunter, Superjob, Rabota, Trovit

Number of LinkedIn Users

7,360,000

Multiplier Recruitment Partner

iXceed

Employing in Russia

One of the challenges that foreign companies face when onboarding talents in Russia are the labor laws and compliance that they must follow. Below are some of the essential items to look into when expanding operations in the country.

Employee Contract

Employee contracts in Russia must be written in the Russian Language. Bilingual contracts are allowed as long as one of the languages is Russian. 

Probation Period

The Probation Period for Russian employees can be up to 3 months.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year's Day National holiday
2 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
3 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
4 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
5 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
6 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
7 Jan Orthodox Christmas Day Religious Holiday (Orthodox)
8 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
9 Jan New Year Holiday National holiday
23 Feb Defender of the Fatherland Day National holiday
28 Feb Isra and Mi'raj Religious Holiday (Muslim)
7 Mar Public Holiday National holiday
8 Mar International Women's Day National holiday
2 Apr Ramadan starts Religious Holiday (Muslim)
24 Apr Orthodox Easter Day Religious Holiday (Orthodox)
1 May Spring and Labor Day National holiday
2 May Day off for Spring and Labor Day National holiday
3 May Eid al-Fitr (Tentative Date) Religious Holiday (Muslim)
3 May Public Holiday National holiday
9 May Victory Day National holiday
10 May Public Holiday National holiday
12 Jun Russia Day National holiday
13 Jun Day off for Russia Day National holiday
10 Jul Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Religious Holiday (Muslim)
30 Jul Muharram Religious Holiday (Muslim)
8 Oct The Prophet's Birthday (Tentative Date) Religious Holiday (Muslim)
4 Nov Unity Day National holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual Leave 28 days Yes
Sick Leave 3 days Yes
Maternity Leave 20 weeks Yes

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

Employees are usually paid bi-weekly.

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Minimum Wage

Minimum wage in Russia varies per district. As per 2022, it ranges from 13,890.00 to 20,589.00

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Overtime pay

Click on the link below to get more details about overtime pay in Russia:

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Health Examination Clause

Bonus

13th Month Pay

A 13th month bonus is not mandatory in Russia.

Employee Benefits

Russia offers a lot of coverage for their employees. Below are the basic package they offer:

  • ~Pension
  • ~Social Security
  • ~Medical Insurance
  • ~Accident Insurance
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Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Type of Tax Contribution (%)
Pension Fund 22.0% (capped at RUB 1,465,000 a year), with 10% for any amount exceeding this
Social Insurance Fund 2.9% (capped at RUB 966,000/year)
Medical Insurance Fund 5.1%
Accident Insurance 0.2% to 8.5% of the wage fund, depending on the type of work

Employee Payroll Tax

In Russia, there are no payroll taxes that employees must observe.

Employee Income Tax

Net Taxable Income (RUB) Contribution
Annual income is less than or equal to 5 million RUB 13%
Annual income is more than 5 million RUB 15%
Non-residents 30%

VAT

The Standard VAT in Russia is 20%.

Offboarding & Termination

Termination Process

An employment contract can only be terminated in accordance with a strict list of general reasons, including:

  • ~Mutual agreement
  • ~On the employee's/employer's initiative
  • ~Expiry of the contract
  • ~Other specific grounds

Employment can only be terminated on the employer's initiative for specific reasons, including:

  • ~The employer's liquidation
  • ~Redundancy
  • ~Numerous failures by the employee to fulfill official duties without good reason provided a reprimand has been issued
  • ~Gross misconduct
  • ~Unauthorized disclosure of confidential information
  • ~Other rarely used grounds

In general, under the current legislation, dismissal is not feasible without prior notice being served on the employee.

Notice Period

The Notice Period for probationary employees is up to 14 days while regular employees have up to 4 weeks.

Severance Pay

The severance payment rate depends on the reasons for the termination. Below are the regulations surrounding it:

Reason(s) for termination Severance Pay
Company liquidation 1 month's salary plus the average monthly salary during the period they are looking for a new job (but for no longer than two months from the date of termination).
- Failure to conform to the standards of the job due to health

- military service or any alternative civilian service in place of military service.

- Reinstatement at work of the employee that previously held the employee's position.

- The employee's refusal to relocate when the employer moves to another locality.

2 weeks’s average earning

Visa and Immigration

Foreigners must secure a work permit and work visa to work in Russia legally. Applicants must secure an invitation from their employers to be able to process their documents. The visa options for expats include Work Visa, Business Visa, and Highly Skilled Migrant Visa. 

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