Payroll Cycle
Minumum Wage
Overtime Pay
Type of Day Overtime Pay Rate
Weekdays 150%
Weekends and Public holidays 200%
Visa Immigration

Talent Wiki - Ghana

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Ghana
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Capital
Accra
Currency
Ghanaian Cedi (GHS)
Languages
English, Akan, Hausa
Payroll Frequency
Monthly or bi-weekly
GDP per Capita
$2,556
Employer Tax
13%

Supplementary Guide for Employment and Expansion in Ghana

Talent Overview

Ghana is classified as a middle-income economy wherein the services industry accounts for about 45% of the GDP, followed by the manufacturing industry that accounts for 27.74%. The country’s economic condition is expected to grow further by 5.3% at the end of 2022.

Major economic hubs:

Accra, Kumasi, Tamale, Cape Coast

Skills in demand :

Data science and analytics, programming, Graphic design

Local Universities

The top local universities in Israel includes the following:

University of Ghana

RANKING

Local : 1

World : 1130

Kwame Nkrumah University of Science & Technology

RANKING

Local : 2

World : 1409

University of Cape Coast

RANKING

Local : 3

World : 2274

University for Development Studies

RANKING

Local : 4

World : 2705

University for Development Studies

RANKING

Local : 4

World : 3500

Salary Data

No. Job Title Salary Range (GHS) Salary Range (USD)
1 Technical Product Engineer 1,447 - 3,861 251.05 - 669.88
2 Software Developer 1,425 - 7,221 247.25 - 1,252.85
3 Data Analyst 1,331 - 4,293 230.93 - 767.39
4 UX Designer 1,331 – 4,423 230.93 - 767.39
5 Project Manager 1,583 – 5,439 274.65 - 943.66
6 Sales Executive 1,421 – 4,630 246.54 – 803.3
7 Chief Accountant 1,309 - 4,127 227.11 – 716.03

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards:

Jobberman, Ghana Current Jobs, Job Web Ghana

Number of LinkedIn users:

1,925,000

Top Recruitment Agencies:

JobHouse Recruitment Agency, Xycareers, JobsinGhana

Employing in Ghana

Before entering the talent pool in Ghana, an employer must first iron out the details on the country’s employment rules and regulations. Below are some information to help them with the onboarding process.

Employee Contract

Employment contracts in Ghana are written in English. According to the Ghana Labor law, the employer has to mention details of the job role, leaves, bonuses, allowances and hours of work along with the overtime pay on the contract.

Probation Period

The probationary period for employees in Ghana is as per the employer’s discretion, however, it should be in accordance with the local labor laws.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
1 Jan New Year's Day Public Holiday
3 Jan New Year's Day observed Public Holiday
7 Jan Constitution Day Public Holiday
6 Mar Independence Day Public Holiday
7 Mar Independence Day observed Public Holiday
15 Apr Good Friday Public Holiday
18 Apr Easter Monday Public Holiday
1 May May Day Public Holiday
2 May May Day observed Public Holiday
3 May Eid ul-Fitr Public Holiday
10 Jul Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) Public Holiday
4 Aug Founders' Day Public Holiday
21 Sep Kwame Nkrumah Memorial Day Public Holiday
2 Dec Farmer's Day Public Holiday
25 Dec Christmas Day Public Holiday
26 Dec Boxing Day Public Holiday

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The payroll cycle followed in Ghana is monthly, however it is common for companies to pay their employees every 2 weeks. Companies usually pay their employees by the last day of the month.

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Minimum Wage

The minimum wage in Ghana is GHS 13.53 per day.

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Overtime Pay

The law does not fix the rate of overtime remuneration. However, click on the link below to get details about the rates that employees receive for overtime hours:

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Health Examination Clause

Bonus

13th Month Pay

There is no provision requiring employers to provide 13th month pay

Employee Benefits

Employees in Ghana may enjoy the following benefits upon their employment:

  • ~Maternity leave
  • ~Childcare leave
  • ~social security
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Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Rate of Contribution
Social Security 13%

Employee Payroll Tax

Type of Contribution Rate of Contribution
Social Security 5.5%

Employee Income Tax

Income Group (in GHS) Tax Rate
0 - 3,828 0%
3,829 - 5,028 5%
5,029 - 6,468 10%
6,469 - 42,468 17.5%
42,469 - 240,000 25%
240,001 and above 30%

VAT

The standard rate is 12.5%.

Offboarding & Termination

Termination Process

The Termination process is based on type of contract and reason for termination. Termination can be done through written notice by either party given proper reasoning. Below are some examples of improper termination, If the employee

  • ~Intends to join a trade union
  • ~Is pregnant or is absent due to maternity leave
  • ~Is terminated for the reason of race or religion
  • ~Is disabled
  • ~Is forced to terminate due to inappropriate action of the employer after lodging multiple harassment complaints

Notice Period

The Notice period for Ghanaian employees can be up to one month.

Severance Pay

There is a provision for redundancy pay subject to negotiation between the employer and the worker or trade union. In case of dismissals for non economic reasons, there is no severance pay.

Visa and Immigration

A foreigner planning to work in Ghana must apply for a work permit in Ghana Immigration Services (GIS). Employers usually submit the application requirements to the GIS before their employees reach the country to work. Validity of the work permit is one year, further can be renewed and extended.

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