Payroll Cycle
Minumum Wage
Overtime Pay
Visa Immigration

Talent Wiki - Egypt

Your quick guide on talent and labor compliance norms in Egypt
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Capital
Cairo
Currency
Egyptian Pound
Languages
Arabic, English
Payroll Frequency
Monthly
GDP per Capita
$3,170
Employer Tax
18.75%

Supplementary Guide for Employment and Expansion in Egypt

Talent Overview

The country of Egypt is a developing one with a diverse economy. It has the 3rd largest economy in Africa and the 33rd largest by nominal GDP globally. Liberal economic policies have strengthened the economic conditions of the country

Major economic hubs:

Cairo, Luxor, Aswan, Alexandria

Skills in demand:

Machine Learning, Python, IT skills

Local Universities

Some top local universities in Egypt and their rankings are as follows:

Cairo University

RANKING

Egypt : 1

World : 546

Ain Shams University

RANKING

Egypt : 2

World : 797

Mansoura University

RANKING

Egypt : 3

World : 984

Alexandria University

RANKING

Egypt : 4

World : 999

Assiut University

RANKING

Egypt : 5

World : 1190

Salary Data

Monthly salary information on some top jobs in Egypt:

Job Title Average Salary (EGP) Average Salary (USD)
Accountant 6350 342.27
Administrative Assistant 7940 427.97
Graphic Designer 5700 307.23
Business Analyst 11600 625.26
Customer Service Manager 12100 652.21
Human Resource Manager 13700 738.45

Talent Sourcing Tips

Top Local Job Boards

Wuzzuf.net, Edarabia, Indeed

Number of LinkedIn Users

6.62 million

Top Recruitment Agencies

El Maaly, Climaxir, JobR

Employing in Egypt

Egyptian labor laws favor the employees and prohibit discrimination in wages based on sex, origin, language, religion, or creed. It is based on equal opportunity for all. Below are information on the laws that employers must observe in Egypt.

Employee Contract

Employment contracts in Egypt need to be in writing and the language of use should be Arabic. A copy of the contract will be kept by the employer, employee, and the social insurance office.

Probation Period

The usual probationary period followed in Egypt is 1 to 3 months.

Public and Provincial Holidays

Date Name Type
6 Jan Day off for Coptic Christmas Day National holiday
7 Jan Coptic Christmas Day National holiday
25 Jan Revolution Day January 25 National holiday
27 Jan Day off for Revolution Day January 25 National holiday
25 Apr Spring Festival National holiday
25 Apr Sinai Liberation Day National holiday
30 Apr Eid el Fitr Holiday National holiday
1 May Labor Day National holiday
2 May Eid el Fitr National holiday
4 May Eid el Fitr Holiday National holiday
5 May Eid el Fitr Holiday National holiday
30 Jun June 30 Revolution National holiday
9 Jul Arafat Day National holiday
10 Jul Eid al-Adha (Tentative Date) National holiday
11 Jul Eid al-Adha Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
12 Jul Eid al-Adha Holiday (Tentative Date) National holiday
23 Jul Revolution Day July 23 National holiday
30 Jul Muharram (Tentative Date) National holiday
6 Oct Armed Forces Day National holiday
8 Oct Prophet Mohamed's Birthday (Tentative Date) National holiday

Employee Leaves

Type of Leave Time Period Mandatory
Annual/Earned Leave 21 days Yes
Sick Leave 90 days Yes
Maternity Leave 13 weeks Yes

Payroll

Payroll Cycle

The employee must be paid monthly. Usually, on the 5th of every month.

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Minimum Wage

The official minimum wage is EGP 2400 per month.

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Overtime pay

 In terms of overtime, day time overtime shall be charged at 35% of the normal working hours wage, and night time overtime shall be charged at 70% of the normal working hours wage.

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Health Examination Clause

Bonus

13th month salary

There is no provision for the 13th-month salary in Egypt.

Employee Benefits

Egyptian employees are entitled to the following during their employment:

  • ~Maternity leave
  • ~Social Security
  • ~Free Healthcare
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Taxes

Employer Payroll Tax

Tax item Tax Rate
Social Security Contribution 18.75% (Minimum wage: 1400, Maximum wage: 9,400)

Employee Payroll Tax

Tax Item Tax Rate
Social Security Contribution 11% (Minimum wage: 1,400, Maximum wage: 9,400)

Employee Income Tax

Income Tax rate %
From 0 to 15,000 0
15,000 to 30,000 2.5%
30,000 to 45,000 10%
45,000 to 60,000 15%
60,000 to 200,000 20%
200,000 to 400,000 22.5%
More than 400,000 25%

VAT

The standard rate of VAT followed is 14%.

Offboarding & Termination

Termination Process

When terminating an employment contract without legitimate and adequate justification, either of the parties shall compensate the affected one. 

An employer in Egypt cannot dismiss a worker except when the worker is involved in a serious offense. In dismissals due to offense, the employer has to submit a request to a committee to decide on the dismissal.

Termination of employment in Egypt is only allowed on the following grounds of a fundamental breach of contract, which is outlined as follows:

  • ~False Identification
  • ~Consecutive Absence
  • ~Professional Incompetence
  • ~Violation of safety instructions

According to the New Labor Law, the employment shall terminate at the expiry of a fixed-term contract or with the completion of the task for which the contract was made. Both parties can terminate an open-ended contract, provided that the notice period and writing procedures are respected.

Notice Period

The notice period during probation is 7 to 10 days, while for permanent employees, it is two to three months.

Severance Pay

 No statutory severance pay is mentioned unless mentioned in the contract.

Visa and Immigration

Foreign employees will need a work permit from the Ministry of Manpower to legally work in Egypt. The processing usually takes a month and is valid for one year.

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